An estimated 17.3 million people die of cardio vascular diseases (CVD), every year globally and almost 80% of the deaths occur in low to middle income families. Now, what are these cardio vascular diseases? These are diseases of the heart or blood vessels caused by narrowing of the blood vessels of the heart by small fatty lumps called atheroma. This can lead to conditions like angina, heart attack and heart failure. There are certain factors which can cause these fatty lumps, and are known as risk factors. Some of them are preventable and others may not always be so. Other treatable risk factors include hypertension (high blood pressure) and diabetes and kidney diseases.
The preventable risk Lifestyle factors are:
- Unhealthy diet: A healthy diet can go a long way in preventing the risk of these diseases. There is strong evidence to prove that a healthy balanced diet right from child hood can be protective against cardiac diseases. A healthy diet would comprise at least 5-7 portions of fruits and vegetables combined, moderate amounts of cereals which should be whole grains and legumes and limiting animal fats like butter, ghee or cream. Non vegetarians will do good by sticking to the lean meats like chicken, fish and eggs (preferably egg white).